Medical Negligence Laws in India

Medical Negligence Laws in India

Welcome to Prospect Legal, where we are dedicated to seeking justice for victims of medical negligence in India. We understand the profound impact that medical malpractice can have on individuals and families, and we are here to provide expert legal representation and support every step of the way.

About Prospect Legal:

Prospect Legal is a leading law firm specializing in medical negligence cases across India. With a team of experienced attorneys and a deep understanding of the complexities of the legal system, we are committed to advocating for our clients’ rights and obtaining the compensation they deserve.

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Our Services:

At Prospect Legal, we offer a comprehensive range of legal services tailored to the unique needs of each client:

  1. Case Evaluation: We begin by conducting a thorough review of your case to assess its merits and determine the best course of action.
  2. Legal Representation: Our skilled attorneys will represent you in negotiations with medical professionals, insurance companies, and other parties involved in your case. We will work tirelessly to secure a fair settlement or, if necessary, litigate your case in court.
  3. Compensation Recovery: We understand the financial burden that medical negligence can impose on victims and their families. Our goal is to help you recover compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other damages resulting from the negligence of healthcare providers.
  4. Support and Guidance: Throughout the legal process, we will provide you with the support and guidance you need to make informed decisions about your case. We will keep you updated on its progress and answer any questions you may have along the way.
  5. Advocacy for Change: In addition to seeking justice for individual clients, Prospect Legal is committed to advocating for systemic changes to prevent medical negligence and improve patient safety in India..

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Why Choose Prospect Legal:

  1. Experience: With years of experience handling medical negligence cases, we have the knowledge and expertise to navigate even the most complex legal challenges.
  2. Personalized Attention: We understand that every case is unique, and we are dedicated to providing personalized attention and tailored legal solutions to meet your specific needs.
  3. Results-Oriented Approach: Our goal is to achieve the best possible outcome for our clients, whether through negotiation, mediation, or litigation.
  4. Compassionate Support: We understand the emotional toll that medical negligence can take on victims and their families, and we are committed to providing compassionate support and guidance throughout the legal process.
  5. Contact Prospect Legal Today:
  6. If you or a loved one has been the victim of medical negligence, don’t wait to seek justice. Contact Prospect Legal today to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced attorneys. Together, we can fight for your rights and hold negligent healthcare providers accountable for their actions.

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What are the laws involve in medical Negligence

In India, medical negligence cases are governed by several laws and regulations that outline the rights of patients and the responsibilities of healthcare providers. Some of the key laws involved in medical negligence cases include:

  1. Indian Penal Code (IPC): Sections 304A and 337-338 of the IPC deal with offenses related to causing death or injury by negligence. These sections provide for criminal liability in cases where death or injury is caused due to the negligent act of a healthcare provider.
  2. Consumer Protection Act, 2019: This act provides a legal framework for consumers to seek redressal for grievances, including medical negligence. The act established consumer forums at the district, state, and national levels to adjudicate disputes and award compensation to aggrieved parties.
  3. Medical Council of India (MCI) Regulations: The MCI sets standards of professional conduct, etiquette, and ethics for registered medical practitioners in India. Healthcare providers found guilty of medical negligence may face disciplinary action by the MCI, including suspension or cancellation of their medical license.
  4. Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct, Etiquette, and Ethics) Regulations, 2002: These regulations lay down guidelines for the professional conduct of medical practitioners, including the duty to exercise reasonable care and skill in the treatment of patients. Failure to adhere to these guidelines may constitute medical negligence.
  5. Indian Contract Act, 1872: In cases where medical treatment is provided under a contract, the principles of the Indian Contract Act apply. Patients have the right to expect that healthcare providers will fulfill their obligations under the contract, including providing competent and timely medical care.
  6. Judicial Precedents: Indian courts have developed a body of case law that establishes legal principles and standards for determining medical negligence. These precedents help to interpret and apply the relevant laws in medical negligence cases.
  7. State Medical Councils: Each state in India has its own medical council responsible for regulating the practice of medicine within its jurisdiction. State medical councils may have additional regulations or guidelines pertaining to medical negligence and disciplinary proceedings against healthcare providers.

It’s important to note that medical negligence cases can be complex, and the applicable laws may vary depending on the specific circumstances of each case. Consulting with an experienced attorney who specializes in medical malpractice can help victims understand their rights and legal options.

Type of Medical Negligence:

Medical negligence during treatment can take various forms, but some common examples include:

  1. Misdiagnosis or Delayed Diagnosis: This occurs when a healthcare professional fails to correctly diagnose a condition in a timely manner, leading to delayed treatment or incorrect treatment.
  2. Surgical Errors: Surgical mistakes can range from operating on the wrong body part to leaving surgical instruments inside the patient’s body, or performing the wrong procedure altogether.
  3. Medication Errors: These include prescribing the wrong medication, administering the wrong dosage, or failing to consider potential drug interactions.
  4. Failure to Obtain Informed Consent: Healthcare providers are required to inform patients of the risks, benefits, and alternatives of a proposed treatment or procedure. Failure to do so can constitute medical negligence.
  5. Negligent Postoperative Care: Inadequate monitoring or follow-up care after a surgical procedure can lead to complications or worsened outcomes for the patient.
  6. Birth Injuries: Negligence during childbirth can result in birth injuries to the infant or mother, such as brain damage, nerve damage, or fractures.
  7. Hospital-Acquired Infections: Healthcare facilities have a responsibility to maintain a safe and hygienic environment to prevent infections. Failure to do so can result in patients acquiring infections during their hospital stay.
  8. Failure to Recognize Symptoms: Healthcare providers may fail to recognize or properly respond to signs and symptoms of a worsening condition, leading to complications or death.
  9. Lack of Communication: Poor communication among healthcare providers can result in crucial information being overlooked or misunderstood, leading to errors in treatment.
  10. Negligent Supervision of Staff: Healthcare facilities have a duty to properly supervise and train their staff. Failure to do so can result in errors or negligence by healthcare professionals under their supervision.

These are just a few examples, and medical negligence cases can vary widely depending on the circumstances of each situation. If you suspect that you or a loved one have been a victim of medical negligence, it’s important to seek legal advice from a qualified attorney specializing in medical malpractice.

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Important case laws in india.

In India, there have been several court cases related to medical negligence that have set important precedents. Here are a few notable examples:

  1. Indian Medical Association v. V.P. Shantha (1995): This landmark case established the liability of doctors under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986. The Supreme Court held that services provided by medical practitioners for a fee fall under the definition of “service” as per the Consumer Protection Act, making doctors liable for compensation in case of negligence.
  2. Achutrao Haribhau Khodwa and Ors. v. State of Maharashtra and Anr. (1996): In this case, the Supreme Court of India clarified the principles of medical negligence under tort law. It held that doctors owe a duty of care to their patients and can be held liable for negligence if they fail to adhere to accepted standards of medical practice.
  3. Jacob Mathew v. State of Punjab and Anr. (2005): This case provided further clarification on the principles of medical negligence. The Supreme Court emphasized the importance of expert evidence in determining negligence and cautioned against relying solely on the Bolam Test, stating that doctors cannot be shielded from liability simply because their actions were supported by a body of medical opinion.
  4. Martin F. D’Souza v. Mohd. Ishfaq (2009): In this case, the Supreme Court reiterated the duty of care owed by medical professionals to their patients. It emphasized that doctors must exercise reasonable care and caution while performing medical procedures and should not act negligently, especially in cases involving life-threatening situations.
  5. Kunal Saha v. Dr. Sukumar Mukherjee & Others (2013): This case gained significant attention as Dr. Sukumar Mukherjee and AMRI Hospital, Kolkata, were found guilty of medical negligence resulting in the death of Anuradha Saha, the wife of Dr. Kunal Saha. The Supreme Court awarded a landmark compensation of Rs. 6.08 crore, one of the highest amounts awarded in a medical negligence case in India at the time.
  6. Rajendran v. P. W. Muthuswamy (1997): In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the Bolam Test should not be the sole criteria for determining medical negligence. It emphasized that the standard of care required from doctors should be determined not only by the medical profession but also by the patient’s rights to safety and well-being.
  7. Vijay Shankar v. State of Karnataka (2014): The Karnataka High Court held a hospital liable for negligence after a patient died due to a sponge left inside his abdomen during surgery. The court ordered the hospital to pay compensation to the patient’s family.
  8. Poonam Verma v. Ashwin Patel (1996): In this case, the Supreme Court reiterated the duty of doctors to inform patients about the risks involved in a medical procedure before obtaining their consent. Failure to obtain informed consent can constitute medical negligence.
  9. Kusum Sharma & Ors v. Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre & Anr (2010): The Delhi High Court held a hospital liable for negligence after a patient died due to postoperative complications. The court emphasized the importance of maintaining medical records and proper documentation to establish the standard of care.
  10. Sarmukh Singh v. State of Punjab (2010): The Punjab and Haryana High Court held a doctor liable for negligence after a patient suffered complications following surgery. The court emphasized that doctors must exercise due diligence and skill while performing medical procedures.
  11. Suresh Gupta v. Government of NCT of Delhi (2004): The Delhi High Court held a hospital liable for negligence after a patient developed complications following a surgery to remove a tumor. The court emphasized the duty of hospitals to ensure the competence of their staff and the availability of necessary equipment and facilities.

These cases illustrate various aspects of medical negligence, including surgical errors, failure to obtain informed consent, and the duty of care owed by healthcare providers to their patients. Each case contributes to the evolving jurisprudence surrounding medical malpractice in India.

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Basic Question?

  1. How can individual make a medical negligence claim in India?
  2. How do you file and prove a medical negligence case in India?
  3. How much quantum individual can I claim for medical negligence?
  4. Will Individual need to file court cases for compensation?
  5. Is there a time limit for medical negligence claims to file in court?
  6. Can I claim legal aid?
  7. Will I need a medical examination if I make a negligence claim?
  8. Can I claim against the MCI?
  9. Can I make a complaint during my treatment while also making a compensation claim?
  10. Will a claim affect my treatment when i claim compensation ?
  11. Can I make a claim on behalf of minor/child?
  12. What types of cerebral palsy can be caused by medical negligence?
  13. How long will it take to final a medical negligence claim?
  14. How can pressure sores be caused by medical negligence?
  15. What are the most common surgery mistakes?
  16. What is “causation” in medical negligence?

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If you need legal assistance for a consumer law case, don’t hesitate to contact us at Prospect Legal Private Limited. Our team is here to help you understand your legal rights and fight for justice.

Prospect Legal Private Limited

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Mobile: 7000-12-7225